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Thu Hoạch Sầu Riêng và Bảo Quản Sau Thu Hoạch

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Thu hoạch Sầu Riêng

Hoa sầu riêng nở và thụ phấn vào ban đêm, khi trái chín và rụng cũng thường về khuya cho đến sáng sớm. Đó là đặc tính sinh lý quan trọng cần lưu ý. Hoa thụ phấn thường nhờ dơi, một số côn trùnh chích hút nhụy hoa về đêm, gió cũng là yếu tố giúp cho hoa thụ phấn tốt hơn. Từ khi hoa nở đến trái chín cây khoảng 15 – 17 tuần (tùy giống và thời tiết).

Khi sầu riêng chín cây được một ít thì có thể thu hoạch những trái đã thụ phấn cùng thời kỳ. Nếu cần thiết phải thu hoạch sớm hoặc trễ hơn 2 tuần lễ, vấn đề giảm phẩm chất hay hao hụt không đáng kể. Chuẩn bị thu hoạch phải dự đoán trước giá cả thị trường, nhân công thu hái, vận chuyển.

Thu hoạch trái đúng độ chín, 115 -120 ngày sau khi đậu trái đối với sầu riêng Monthong, 105 – 110 ngày đối với sầu riêng Sữa Hạt Lép. Tránh làm cho trái bị dập hay tiếp xúc với đất sẽ dễ bị nhiễm bệnh thối trái.

cach-bao-quan-sau-rieng-sau-thu-hoach-6Trái sầu riêng vào mùa

Nhúng trái nhanh vào dung dịch ethephon ở nồng độ 0,2% để kích thích trái chín đều, giảm hiện tượng sượng “dâm”. Để trái nơi khô, mát, cho trái chín tự nhiên, không đậy kín để tránh cho vỏ trái không bị mềm và chuyển sang màu vàng sáng, thị trường không ưa chuộng.

Cách bảo quản sầu riêng sau thu hoạch

Sầu riêng thường trổ hoa vào khoảng tháng 11-12 âm lịch và thu hoạch vào tháng 5, tháng 6 năm sau.

Thông thường, một trái sầu riêng sẽ bảo quản được trong thời gian 1 tuần. Vì vậy nếu bạn thu hoạch khi chưa chín thì chỉ có thể giữ nguyên trái như vậy trong khoảng từ 3-5 ngày.

Người ta hay lựa chọn những địa điểm bảo quản có độ thoáng mát, không ẩm ướt và không bịt kín quả bằng túi nilon vì sẽ gây bí khí khiến sầu riêng nhanh chín hơn.

Thêm vào đó, bạn không nên đặt sầu riêng trực tiếp xuống sàn nhà, làm như vậy sẽ dễ dẫn đến tình trạng sốc nhiệt khiến nó bị hỏng.

Tốt nhất là bạn nên chuẩn bị các tấm lót như bìa carton dày trải xuống sàn rồi sau đó mới đặt sầu riêng lên. Hoặc đặt trên giá đỡ, các tấm pallet, trong thùng carton thông thoáng.

cach-bao-quan-sau-rieng-sau-thu-hoach-5Kho bảo quản sầu riêng

Dưới đây mình sẽ hướng dẫn các bạn một vài cách bảo quản sầu riêng thường sử dụng:

Cách bảo quản sầu riêng đã tách vỏ

Khi sầu riêng đã chín tới khiến lớp vỏ bị nứt hoặc đã tách vỏ thì thời gian giữ được độ tươi ngon của trái sẽ được rút ngắn lại. Nếu bạn mua sầu riêng ở ngoài đã được tách vỏ, nhưng bạn chưa muốn ăn ngay thì cách bảo quản tốt nhất là bạn tách múi cho vào hộp kín, bọc cẩn thận, sau đó bỏ vào ngăn mát tủ lạnh.

Một điểm lưu ý nhỏ là các  bạn nên bọc kín hộp sầu riêng lại để nó không bị tích nước vì bảo quản lạnh và tránh bay mùi ảnh hưởng đến các loại thức ăn khác có trong tủ lạnh của bạn. Hoặc nếu cẩn thận hơn, các bạn có thể áp dụng túi hút chân không để bảo quản trái sầu riêng là một cách cực tốt.

cach-bao-quan-sau-rieng-sau-thu-hoach-1Bảo quản sầu riêng bằng túi hút chân không

Cách bảo quản sầu riêng đã tách vỏ nêu trên sẽ giúp bạn giữ được độ tươi ngon lên đến 2-3 ngày. Tuy nhiên, nếu sầu riêng đã tách vỏ do quá chín thì tốt nhất là các bạn nên thưởng thức nó ngay và luôn nhé.

Bảo quản khi đi xa

Sầu riêng hiện nay không chỉ được ưa chuộng trong thị trường nội địa mà còn được xuất khẩu đến nhiều quốc gia trên thế giới. Nhưng làm cách nào để bảo quản khi vận chuyển đi xa mà vẫn giữ được chất lượng?

Các quy trình đóng gói sầu riêng khi đi xa được đặc biệt chú trọng. Sầu riêng đã được chế biến qua các giai đoạn như tách múi, phân loại múi, đóng gói,… thì cần được bảo quản ở nhiệt độ khoảng 4 độC.

Đối với sầu riêng chín nguyên trái, chưa tách vỏ khi vận chuyển cần tránh va chạm, xếp chồng lên nhau sẽ khiến chúng bị dập nát, nhanh thối hỏng. Khi vận chuyển chúng ta nên để trong hộp xốp bảo vệ hoặc thùng carton để tránh va đập, dập nát.

Nếu sử dụng thùng xốp để bảo quản sầu riêng thì nên chọn các loại thùng xốp chắc chắn, có lỗ thoát khí, tránh bị bí sẽ nhanh hư hỏng.

cach-bao-quan-sau-rieng-sau-thu-hoach-2Sầu riêng xuất khẩu

Không nên bảo quản sầu riêng khi đi xa trong các loại xe có nhiệt độ quá lạnh hoặc nhiệt độ thấp, vì nếu vậy khi vận chuyển đến nơi, đưa ra nhiệt độ thường, quả sẽ nhanh chín, nhanh hỏng hơn.

18 thoughts on “Thu Hoạch Sầu Riêng và Bảo Quản Sau Thu Hoạch”

  1. Thanks so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily brilliant chance to check tips from this blog. It can be so pleasing and also stuffed with a good time for me and my office acquaintances to search your site at least 3 times in 7 days to study the new items you have. And of course, I am just at all times fulfilled with all the excellent secrets you give. Certain 2 tips in this post are surely the most suitable we have all had.

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  5. I must express my appreciation for your generosity in support of women who really need help on the concept. Your very own dedication to passing the message up and down became remarkably valuable and has truly helped guys much like me to realize their targets. Your personal warm and helpful key points indicates a whole lot to me and far more to my office workers. Regards; from everyone of us.

  6. I would like to show thanks to the writer for bailing me out of this type of incident. Just after looking out through the world-wide-web and getting methods which were not productive, I was thinking my life was gone. Existing without the answers to the problems you’ve resolved by way of your review is a serious case, as well as the ones that might have in a wrong way damaged my career if I had not noticed the blog. Your own natural talent and kindness in dealing with all the stuff was important. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a subject like this. I’m able to at this time relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for the high quality and amazing help. I will not be reluctant to recommend the website to anybody who requires assistance about this subject matter.

  7. I precisely wished to thank you so much once more. I am not sure the things that I would have made to happen without the information documented by you regarding such a subject. It absolutely was the troublesome problem for me personally, nevertheless discovering the well-written technique you solved the issue made me to leap for joy. Extremely grateful for your guidance and even pray you are aware of a powerful job your are putting in teaching the mediocre ones by way of your blog. I am sure you haven’t met any of us.

  8. I simply had to say thanks again. I do not know the things I could possibly have used in the absence of the type of smart ideas revealed by you about my field. Certainly was a very scary concern in my view, nevertheless looking at a specialised strategy you resolved that took me to weep with contentment. I’m just thankful for the information and even trust you really know what a powerful job you happen to be undertaking teaching people through the use of your blog. Most likely you’ve never come across any of us.

  9. I am just writing to let you be aware of of the magnificent experience our princess found browsing your web site. She mastered a wide variety of things, not to mention what it is like to have an awesome coaching spirit to let other folks with no trouble know a variety of complicated subject matter. You actually surpassed people’s expectations. Thanks for rendering those informative, safe, revealing not to mention unique tips on this topic to Emily.

  10. I must show my thanks to you just for rescuing me from this particular circumstance. As a result of exploring throughout the online world and finding thoughts which are not productive, I was thinking my entire life was gone. Existing without the presence of strategies to the issues you’ve solved all through this blog post is a crucial case, and the kind which could have badly damaged my entire career if I had not come across your blog post. Your own personal talents and kindness in playing with every part was excellent. I’m not sure what I would have done if I had not come across such a solution like this. I can now look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for this skilled and effective help. I won’t hesitate to refer your blog post to anybody who needs to have direction about this area.

  11. I wanted to write you the little word so as to thank you as before about the pretty advice you have featured in this case. It’s certainly tremendously generous of you to allow freely what a number of people would have offered as an ebook to help make some dough for their own end, certainly considering that you might have done it in case you considered necessary. These solutions additionally worked to become a great way to know that some people have the same interest similar to mine to see whole lot more related to this problem. I am sure there are several more pleasurable sessions up front for many who start reading your website.

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About Nguyễn Hùng

Hùng là một người con của Pleiku – Gia Lai. Sinh ra và lớn lên từ vùng đất cao nguyên, Hùng đã gắn bó với cây sầu riêng từ nhỏ. Với niềm đam mê dành cho sầu riêng, Hùng lập ra Blog này, mong muốn mọi người yêu thích sầu riêng trên khắp Việt Nam, có cơ hội được thưởng thức những quả sầu riêng tươi ngon và an toàn đến từ vùng đất bazan màu mỡ nơi đây!

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18 thoughts on “Thu Hoạch Sầu Riêng và Bảo Quản Sau Thu Hoạch”

  1. Thanks so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily brilliant chance to check tips from this blog. It can be so pleasing and also stuffed with a good time for me and my office acquaintances to search your site at least 3 times in 7 days to study the new items you have. And of course, I am just at all times fulfilled with all the excellent secrets you give. Certain 2 tips in this post are surely the most suitable we have all had.

  2. A lot of thanks for each of your labor on this website. Ellie take interest in setting aside time for investigation and it is easy to understand why. A lot of people hear all about the compelling way you make precious guides via this web site and even foster contribution from other individuals on the situation plus our own simple princess has always been being taught a whole lot. Have fun with the rest of the year. You have been carrying out a first class job.

  3. I simply needed to say thanks yet again. I’m not certain the things that I would’ve accomplished without the actual thoughts contributed by you directly on such area of interest. Completely was a very alarming circumstance in my opinion, however , observing a well-written fashion you handled that took me to cry for delight. I’m happier for this help and in addition hope you comprehend what an amazing job that you are getting into teaching others through the use of your webblog. I am certain you’ve never encountered all of us.

  4. My wife and i were comfortable that Ervin managed to finish off his preliminary research through the ideas he grabbed in your site. It is now and again perplexing to simply possibly be releasing guides people could have been trying to sell. And we all take into account we have got the blog owner to give thanks to because of that. The most important explanations you made, the easy site menu, the relationships you make it possible to engender – it’s many remarkable, and it’s really helping our son in addition to us know that that concept is satisfying, and that’s truly important. Thanks for all!

  5. I must express my appreciation for your generosity in support of women who really need help on the concept. Your very own dedication to passing the message up and down became remarkably valuable and has truly helped guys much like me to realize their targets. Your personal warm and helpful key points indicates a whole lot to me and far more to my office workers. Regards; from everyone of us.

  6. I would like to show thanks to the writer for bailing me out of this type of incident. Just after looking out through the world-wide-web and getting methods which were not productive, I was thinking my life was gone. Existing without the answers to the problems you’ve resolved by way of your review is a serious case, as well as the ones that might have in a wrong way damaged my career if I had not noticed the blog. Your own natural talent and kindness in dealing with all the stuff was important. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a subject like this. I’m able to at this time relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for the high quality and amazing help. I will not be reluctant to recommend the website to anybody who requires assistance about this subject matter.

  7. I precisely wished to thank you so much once more. I am not sure the things that I would have made to happen without the information documented by you regarding such a subject. It absolutely was the troublesome problem for me personally, nevertheless discovering the well-written technique you solved the issue made me to leap for joy. Extremely grateful for your guidance and even pray you are aware of a powerful job your are putting in teaching the mediocre ones by way of your blog. I am sure you haven’t met any of us.

  8. I simply had to say thanks again. I do not know the things I could possibly have used in the absence of the type of smart ideas revealed by you about my field. Certainly was a very scary concern in my view, nevertheless looking at a specialised strategy you resolved that took me to weep with contentment. I’m just thankful for the information and even trust you really know what a powerful job you happen to be undertaking teaching people through the use of your blog. Most likely you’ve never come across any of us.

  9. I am just writing to let you be aware of of the magnificent experience our princess found browsing your web site. She mastered a wide variety of things, not to mention what it is like to have an awesome coaching spirit to let other folks with no trouble know a variety of complicated subject matter. You actually surpassed people’s expectations. Thanks for rendering those informative, safe, revealing not to mention unique tips on this topic to Emily.

  10. I must show my thanks to you just for rescuing me from this particular circumstance. As a result of exploring throughout the online world and finding thoughts which are not productive, I was thinking my entire life was gone. Existing without the presence of strategies to the issues you’ve solved all through this blog post is a crucial case, and the kind which could have badly damaged my entire career if I had not come across your blog post. Your own personal talents and kindness in playing with every part was excellent. I’m not sure what I would have done if I had not come across such a solution like this. I can now look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for this skilled and effective help. I won’t hesitate to refer your blog post to anybody who needs to have direction about this area.

  11. I wanted to write you the little word so as to thank you as before about the pretty advice you have featured in this case. It’s certainly tremendously generous of you to allow freely what a number of people would have offered as an ebook to help make some dough for their own end, certainly considering that you might have done it in case you considered necessary. These solutions additionally worked to become a great way to know that some people have the same interest similar to mine to see whole lot more related to this problem. I am sure there are several more pleasurable sessions up front for many who start reading your website.

Leave a Comment

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *

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